Patronimicos

Los patronímicos en español se derivan del nombre del padre mediante los sufijos ez, oz, iz y hasta az, que significan ‘hijo de’. No queda claro el origen de esta terminación. Se le atribuye de manera habitual al idioma gótico, pues es en los nombres visigodos donde podemos encontrar con mayor frecuencia esta terminación patronímica.

A continuación se ofrecen algunos de los apellidos patronímicos más frecuentes en España y el nombre personal del que derivan, en su gran mayoría nombres de origen visigodo.

Adánez (Adán)
Alejándrez (Alejandro)
Alfonso
Alonso Álvarez (Álvar, Álvaro)
Antolínez (Antolín)
Antúnez (Antón)
Benítez (Benito)
Bermúdez (Bermudo)
Blázquez (Blas)
Cervantes (Cervando o Servando)
Díaz, Díez, Diéguez (Diego) Díaz, Díez: Hijo de DiegoDomínguez (Domingo)
Domínguez: Hijo de Domingo
Enríquez (Enrico y Enrique)
Estévez (Esteve, Estevo, Esteban)
Fáñez
Fernández (Fernán, Fernando)
Galíndez (Galindo)
Gálvez (Galve)
Garcés, Garcéz (García)
García (Garcí, Garzo)
Giménez, Jiménez (Gimeno, Jimeno)
Gómez (Gome)
González (Gonzalo)
Gutiérrez: Hijo de Gutier Gutierre (Wutier o WWotier)
Henríquez (Henrico, Henrique)
Henríquez: Hijo de Enrique (Henrique)
Hernández (Hernán, Hernando) Hernández: Hijo de Hernando
Ibáñez (Ibaño, Iván)
Íñiguez (Íñigo)
Láinez (Laín)
López (Lope, ‘lobo’)
López: Hijo de Lope
Márquez (Marco, Marcos)
Márquez: Hijo de Marco
Martín  Martínez (Martín)
Martínez: Hijo de Martín
Méndez (Mendo)
Méndez: Hijo de Mendo
Menéndez (Menendo)
Mínguez (Mingo o Domingo)
Muñoz (Munio)
Núñez (Nuño)
Núñez: Hijo de Nuño
Ordónez (Ordoño)
Páez (Payo)
Peláez (Pelayo)
Pérez (Pero, Pedro)
Pérez: Hijo de Pero (Pedro)
Raimúndez (Raimundo, Ramón)
Ramírez (Ramiro)
Rodríguez (Rodrigo o Roderick)
Rodríguez: Hijo de Rodrigo (Roderick)
Ruiz (Ruy, Roy o Roi)
Salvadorez (Salvador)
Sánchez, Sáez, Sáenz, Sainz, Sanchis... (Sancho)
Suárez (Suero)
Suárez: Hijo de Suero
Valdez, Valdés (Valdo, Waldo)
Vázquez (Vasco)
Velázquez (Velasco)
Vélez (Vela)
Yágüez (Yague y Yago)

Los 100 mas frecuentes segun el INE.

  •                       Apellido                          1º Apellido             2º Ambos apellidos
  • en Apellido                        Total                 Total                         Total
  • 1                    GARCIA        1.484.607            1.498.937                   82.190
  • 2                    GONZALEZ      935.931              941.809                   43.028
  • 3                    RODRIGUEZ     933.764              938.533                   44.459
  • 4                   FERNANDEZ     928.656              937.259                   53.978
  • 5                    LOPEZ            879.868              884.271                   36.070
  • 6                   MARTINEZ       841.250              844.743                   40.333
  • 7                    SANCHEZ         822.946              829.357                   35.769
  • 8                    PEREZ             786.515              797.298                   27.396
  • 9                    GOMEZ           495.718              498.190                   14.527
  • 10                   MARTIN          494.251              491.448                    22.334
  • 11                   JIMENEZ         391.726              390.617                    22.013
  • 12                   RUIZ            369.817               373.941                     9.083
  • 13                   HERNANDEZ     359.909              362.811                    15.480
  • 14                   DIAZ               341.053             341.815                     8.765
  • 15                   MORENO         320.049             320.796                    10.251
  • 16                  ALVAREZ          286.166             285.435                    10.761
  • 17                   MUÑOZ           283.083             282.699                      7.063
  • 18                   ROMERO          220.176             220.008                     4.731
  • 19                   ALONSO           200.495             199.028                     5.245
  • 20                   GUTIERREZ        195.956             197.799                     4.229
  • 21                   NAVARRO          178.872             176.395                     3.675
  • 22                   TORRES            169.077              168.307                    4.004
  • 23                   DOMINGUEZ      158.906              160.265                    3.560
  • 24                   VAZQUEZ        149.543              149.625                    3.829
  • 25                   RAMOS           145.328              144.679                    2.438
  • 26                   GIL                   141.953              141.584                    2.333
  • 27                   RAMIREZ            134.590              134.723                   2.390
  • 28                  SERRANO           132.678               132.632                   2.090
  • 29                  BLANCO             124.778               124.896                  2.067
  • 30                   SUAREZ             121.419               123.433                  3.534
  • 31                   MOLINA               121.261              121.567                  2.159
  • 32                   MORALES             120.268              120.767                  1.927
  • 33                   ORTEGA               118.229              117.667                  1.716
  • 34                    DELGADO             117.312              117.205                  1.788
  • 35                   CASTRO                116.398              117.129                  1.937
  • 36                    ORTIZ                 107.489               108.167                  1.465
  • 37                    RUBIO                 105.555               106.265                 1.595
  • 38                    MARIN                 104.868               101.278                 1.794
  • 39                    SANZ                   94.887                93.467                   2.584
  • 40                   NUÑEZ                  90.572                90.009                   1.538
  • 41                    IGLESIAS               90.546                90.118                   1.683
  • 42                    MEDINA                87.215                87.108                   1.593
  • 43                    GARRIDO              86.008                86.968                   1.442
  • 44                    SANTOS               84.476                85.093                   1.182
  • 45                   CASTILLO               83.553                83.529                   1.358
  • 46                    CORTES               83.102                83.336                    5.680
  • 47                    LOZANO              80.064                80.411                    1.341
  • 48                    GUERRERO           78.735                79.366                    1.056
  • 49                    CANO                 77.654                77.298                    1.486
  • 50                     PRIETO               74.609                73.355                    1.161
  • 51                     MENDEZ              72.578                73.193                    1.461
  • 52                     CALVO                71.149                71.601                    1.175
  • 53                     CRUZ                 70.191                71.389                      922
  • 54                     GALLEGO             70.147                70.110                      875
  • 55                     VIDAL                  70.010                68.826                    1.085
  • 56                     LEON                  69.148                69.584                     1.088
  • 57                     HERRERA             68.658                 68.797                    1.209
  • 58                     MARQUEZ            68.536                68.728                     996
  • 59                     PEÑA                   68.442                68.951                    1.128
  • 60                     CABRERA              67.939                67.077                    1.467
  • 61                     FLORES                67.636                68.122                    1.727
  • 62                     CAMPOS              66.130                66.561                       887
  • 63                     VEGA                   65.050                65.885                    1.065
  • 64                     DIEZ                    64.444                65.376                     1.441
  • 65                     FUENTES               64.223                64.630                      674
  • 66                     CARRASCO            63.125                62.660                       784
  • 67                     CABALLERO           60.882                62.638                       870
  • 68                     NIETO                  60.682                60.705                       781
  • 69                     REYES                   59.224                59.971                     1.277
  • 70                     AGUILAR               59.208               58.729                       696
  • 71                     PASCUAL               59.016               57.653                       787
  • 72                     HERRERO               58.390               57.044                       925
  • 73                     SANTANA               57.601               59.177                      3.704
  • 74                     LORENZO               57.254               57.378                      1.090
  • 75                     HIDALGO                56.556               57.226                        688
  • 76                      MONTERO             56.380               56.115                        724
  • 77                     IBAÑEZ                   55.885               55.052                       649
  • 78                     GIMENEZ                 55.869               58.778                      2.900
  • 79                      FERRER                  55.414               55.083                       838
  • 80                     DURAN                    53.912               53.847                       619
  • 81                     VICENTE                  53.097                52.864                     1.187
  • 82                     BENITEZ                  52.664                52.953                      699
  • 83                     MORA                     52.570                51.618                      703
  • 84                     SANTIAGO                52.560                51.863                     3.410
  • 85                     ARIAS                     52.544                52.709                      914
  • 86                     VARGAS                   51.838                51.285                     1.639
  • 87                     CARMONA                51.452                52.344                       966
  • 88                     CRESPO                   50.221                49.705                        835
  • 89                      ROMAN                   48.790                47.113                       613
  • 90                      PASTOR                  48.676                 48.351                      720
  • 91                      SOTO                      48.226                 47.549                     457
  • 92                      SAEZ                       47.650                 48.443                     858
  • 93                      VELASCO                  47.336                47.011                      629
  • 94                      SOLER                      46.403                45.399                     548
  • 95                      MOYA                      46.215                46.298                     691
  • 96                      ESTEBAN                    45.678               44.987                     630
  • 97                      PARRA                       45.340              45.626                      976
  • 98                      BRAVO                      45.305               45.782                     614
  • 99                      GALLARDO                  44.823               44.742                     674
  • 100                     ROJAS                     44.394               44.071                      669